Joan Fitzgerald is a Professor of Urban and Public Policy at Northeastern University. She focuses on urban climate governance and the connections between urban sustainability and economic development and innovation. Her third book, Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development (Oxford Univ. Press, 2010), examines how cities are creating economic development opportunities in several green sectors. She is currently working on her next book, Greenovation, which examines how cities advance green technologies. Fitzgerald has published in numerous academic journals.